Pace of Play..shot clock.
This doesn't seem that complicated. To me, you have a timer with every group. You can even have a small portable box that EVERYONE can see with a countdown...similar to a shot clock in basketball, or a play clock in football. As soon as you are at your ball AND it is your turn to play, the clock starts. Same with the greens, as soon as it is your turn, IE; the other player holed out, or puts down his marker, the 40 seconds starts.
Penalties per round:
1. First violation-warning
2. Second and third violations- 1 stroke penalty
3. Third and/or more violations- 2 stroke penalties
1. Ruling or review requiring rules official. ONLY ALLOWED TWICE per round. The clock starts the second that the rules official makes a decision.
2. Illness/injury requiring intervention.
This negates anything arbitrary or nebulous. There is a shot clock EVERYONE can see. It can be on the TV broadcast and might even bring some excitement. The penalties are known and published. It's not decided later in some back room. The players all know where they stand, and having a clock, can actually start thinking about their shot as they know for sure they will hitting at x time.
I don't know...maybe that's crazy...
Ping G410 SFT 3W 15*
Taylormade M3 Hybrid 19*
Taylormade P-790 4-GW
Cleveland CG15 54* SW
Cleveland CG15 58* LW
Cleveland 2135 8.0 CB