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  1. 1) That's something I've never seen mentioned before. Do all courses publish it? Sounds like a good idea. 2) Course design and management are major contributors. Two short par 4s followed by a long par 3 will always form a queue. Trees and rough management, too slick greens add time.
  2. Lifting and moving are irrelevant. He was simply substituting another ball. Here is the Rule (ie Definition) Substitute To change the ball the player is using to play a hole by having another ball become the ball in play. The player has substituted another ball when he or she puts that ball in play in any way (see Rule 14.4) instead of the player’s original ball, whether the original ball was: In play, or No longer in play because it had been lifted from the course or was lost or out of bounds. A substituted ball is the player’s
  3. The 8 from 20 cannot really be described as a kink. It's been in use in most of the world outside Europe for many years. But what other kinks have you found (excluding implementation issues)?
  4. I'm guessing you haven't yet got to grips with the concept of 'the average of the best 8 from the last 20 scores'. Under CONGU, handicaps were adjusted based only on the score in the last competition. In fact it is pretty easy to work out when you look at each player's individual playing record.
  5. Did you know? * The most common response to average round times was 4.0 to 4.5 hours, except in GB&I where it dropped to 3.5 to 4.0 hours. * Golfers worldwide reported no noticeable difference in round times from when they first started playing till now. * Worldwide, only 8.8% of rounds played take 4.5 hours or more, with nearly 75% taking between 3.5 and 4.5 hours. * The mean round time in GB&I is 3 hours 44 minutes now – exactly the same mean time as when respondents first started playing! * The mean number of golfers in a group globally is 3.55, so co
  6. Bunkers Bunkers were first mentioned in 1812 and first defined in 1933. Even before a definition, it was clear that the characteristics of a bunker have always been the same. 1858 For a ball in a bunker, no 'impression' could be made before striking, indicating the principle of not grounding the club.
  7. . The first time an alignment device is used to mark and align the ball the player earns the General Penalty (loss of hole in match play and two strokes in stroke play). The second use results in Disqualification. If the ball and device are together and the device is indicating the line the bold words apply.
  8. See thread Latest clarifications published Clarifications of the 2019 Rules of Golf Updated 7 April 2021 2. When Use of Alignment Device Results in Breach If a player places an “alignment device” (see Definition in Equipment Rules to see when a ball-marker meets this Definition) to show the line of play and then orients his or her ball based on the direction of that alignment device, the player is in breach of Rule 4.3a. For example, a player’s ball comes to rest on the putting green and the player marks the spot of his or her ball with an “alignment device.” When d
  9. I see what you are getting at but is "going straight into ....." (presumably before?) the same as "making ....." ?
  10. https://www.randa.org/en/rog/2019/pages/resources-centre?filters
  11. How would you have PL relief first if your ball is in a penalty area?
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